Drugs affect the brain in different ways and some drugs like meth are highly addictive.
While many people may want to quit, they are unable to due to the severe withdrawal symptoms associated with the drug.
It is estimated that in the US alone the number of drug addicts stands at around 23.5 million.
Many people who attempt to quit soon relapse and start consuming the drugs again.
Dopamine is the chemical compound found in the brain and responsible for pleasure.
When we consume drugs they interfere with dopamine production in the brain.
With time we cannot live without the drug.
The cravings can also so severe that you cannot concentrate without the drug.
We are going to highlight some of the hardest drugs to quit.
Cigarettes are legal and this contributes to their widespread use.
Over 90 percent of the people who smoke want to quit but can’t find a way to do so.
Some who managed to quit soon relapse after a few days as the cravings become intense.
Unlike Klonopin treatment, many people addicted to nicotine rarely seek help from medical professionals. People try quitting smoking numerous times with no success.
When you smoke a single cigarette, nicotine gets into your system within 10 seconds and then fades after a few hours.
Smokers then experience withdrawal symptoms and smoke another cigarette to cure their cravings.
If you are planning to quit smoking note that the cravings are often worse during the first three of five days but subsidize after three weeks.
Opioids and Heroin
Heroin can be consumed by snorting, injection, or being smoked.
Heroin is more addictive than its counterpart morphine and almost 200 times more potent.
In recent years there has been a rise in the abuse of prescription drugs with opioids been at the top of the list.
In the US alone it is estimated that over 4 million people are abusing opioids.
When you snort heroin you get euphoric feeling which leaves you with intense cravings.
Withdrawal symptoms for opioids usually start 12 hours after consuming the drug and continue for the next 3 days.
People who want to quit heroin often go through a Medically assisted treatment where they are given suboxone to reduce the withdrawal symptoms.
With the aid of treatment, the drug addicts chances of surviving relapse is increased.
This is the powdered form while the crystals are called crystal meth.
The drug can be injected or snorted to give a very powerful high.
Meth is thought to be one of the most addictive drug in the market with the chances of addiction been almost instant.
Those who are addicted to meth also exhibit aggression, psychosis, and violence.
Long term use of meth often leads to brain damage and the cravings can be so severe that the victim goes into depression and delusions.
Since meth affects dopamine levels in the brain the addict soon starts finding pleasure in activities they were once engaged in.
Treatment for meth abuse includes using anti-depressants to control the addicts erratic mood swings.
This includes Valium, Xanax, Ativan, and klonopin.
These drugs are used for lowering anxiety levels and help a person find sleep.
However, they induce a high on the victims similar to alcohol.
When abused they can lead to dependence and this makes them hard to withdraw.
Since the drugs work by suppressing nerves in the brain, addicts express withdrawal symptom when they stop using the drugs.
Most of the people combine them with alcohol to enhance the high effect.
When this happens the probability of an overdose is increased.
The overdose can be fatal when not detected early.
In the brain, Benzodiazepines increase dopamine levels and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
The brain releases GABA to reduce stress and anxiety.
The victim experiences a mellow feeling.
This is because the drug reduces your heart rate, blood pressure and respiration; this leads to a general feeling of calmness.
Withdrawal symptoms include hallucinations, seizures, numbness to externalities, and sensory sensitivity.
The symptoms can be severe and that is why addicts need to withdraw taking the drug gradually.
This is one of the most abused drugs globally.
According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCAAD) more than 17 million adults in the US are addicted to alcohol.
Alcohol is legal to persons over the age of 21 and this leads to widespread abuse.
Since its available many people become addicted and this makes it hard to stop.
When people take alcohol they increased sociability, decreased inhibitions, and elevated moods.
When people consume alcohol daily they increase the chances of contacting liver cirrhosis and other social hazards like car accidents and divorce.
Of all the drugs mentioned above, alcohol tend to have the largest negative effect on society.
Withdrawal symptoms can be life threatening with delirium tremens being the most severe.
Since alcohol affects how the brain operates, withdrawal is hard as the brain tries to find a balance when alcohol is withdrawn.
Other symptoms include headaches, insomnia, irritability, dizziness, anxiety, depression, irregular heart rate and nausea often accompanied with vomiting.
Medical detox for alcohol addiction includes Librium, Valium, and Ativan.
These drugs are used because the mode of operation for alcohol is similar.
Some people may be given antihistamines, antidepressants, anti-nausea and other anti-inflammatory medications to treat the withdrawal symptoms.
When someone is addicted to alcohol minerals and vitamins are often depleted.
The recovering addict will be given fluids to handle the dehydration and vitamin supplements like thiamine.
Some treatment centers often use medications used for the treatment of epilepsy to treat alcohol addiction.
Other FDA approved drugs include disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprostate.
It can be hard to quit drugs when you have been using them for many years.
Many of the addicts suffer severe withdrawal symptoms and this makes it hard to quit.
However, it is still possible to quit drugs through medically induced treatments.
Rehab centers provide the addict with a controlled environment where the addict is monitored and offered counseling.
Hard drugs like heroin and nicotine tend to have the largest relapse rates.